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Activation of AMPK/SIRT1 axis is required for adiponectin-mediated preconditioning on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats.

PLoS One. 2019;14(1):e0210654

Authors: Potenza MA, Sgarra L, Nacci C, Leo V, De Salvia MA, Montagnani M

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin (AD) cardioprotective activities are mediated by AMPK, a fuel-sensing molecule sharing common targets and cellular activities with SIRT-1. Whether AD preconditioning may involve SIRT-1 activity is not known; however, the protective role of SIRT-1 during ischemia and the potential interplay between AMPK and SIRT-1 suggest this possibility.
METHODS: Isolated hearts from male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 85) underwent ischemia/reperfusion (I/R, 30/180 min). Preconditioning with resveratrol (RSV, SIRT-1 activator) was compared to preconditioning with AD alone, or in combination with compound C (CC, AMPK inhibitor) or sirtinol (STN, SIRT-1 inhibitor). For each heart, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular developed pressure (dLVP), coronary flow (CF) and left ventricular infarct mass (IM) were measured, together with the phosphorylation/activation status of AMPK, LKB1, eNOS and SIRT-1, at the beginning (15 min) and at the end (180 min) of reperfusion.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: When compared to I/R, both RSV and AD improved cardiac function and reduced IM (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). Cardioprotective effects of AD were completely reversed in the AD+CC group, and significantly attenuated in the AD+STN group. Both RSV and AD increased eNOS, AMPK and LKB1 phosphorylation (for each parameter: p < 0.05 vs. I/R, in both RSV and AD treatment groups) at 15 min of reperfusion, and SIRT-1 activity at the end of reperfusion (p < 0.01, p < 0.05 vs. I/R, respectively). Interestingly, AD-mediated phosphorylation of AMPK and LKB1, and SIRT-1 deacetylation activity was markedly reduced in both the AD+CC and AD+STN groups (p < 0.05 vs. AD). Thus, AD-mediated cardioprotection requires both AMPK and SIRT-1 signaling pathways, that act as a component of a cycle and regulate each other’s activities.

PMID: 30653603 [PubMed – in process]

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