It’s no surprise to scientists that variety is the very essence of biology, not just the seasoning, but most previous studies of key brain cells have found little variability in a common cell process that involves how genetic information is read and acted on. The process, called epigenetics, involves chemical or structural “tweaks” to gene activity that don’t affect the underlying genetic code itself, but do affect when and how a gene becomes available to be read for its protein-encoding instructions. (January 16, 2019)

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