Population Pharmacokinetic Analysis of Daclatasvir, Asunaprevir, and Beclabuvir Combination in HCV-Infected Subjects.
Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev. 2019 Jan 10;:
Authors: Osawa M, Ueno T, Shiozaki T, Ishikawa H, Li H, Garimella T
A fixed-dose combination of daclatasvir (pangenotypic NS5A inhibitor), asunaprevir (NS3/4A protease inhibitor), and beclabuvir (nonnucleoside NS5B inhibitor) was approved for hepatitis C virus treatment in Japan. The objectives of the analyses were to develop the daclatasvir, asunaprevir, and beclabuvir population pharmacokinetic models for the combination regimen. First, an original population pharmacokinetic model was developed using the data in non-Japanese hepatitis C virus-infected subjects. The model was subsequently updated after a phase 3 study in Japanese hepatitis C virus-infected subjects was available. A total of 11,382, 11,300, and 10,728 pharmacokinetic records from 1,228 subjects were included for daclatasvir, asunaprevir, and beclabuvir in the updated model, respectively. Daclatasvir and beclabuvir pharmacokinetics (PK) were described by a 1-compartment model with linear elimination and asunaprevir PK was described by 2-compartment model with linear elimination. Cirrhosis, baseline, and time-varying ALT were significant covariates on asunaprevir apparent oral clearance. Asian subjects had greater asunaprevir and beclabuvir exposures than white subjects. The effects of all covariates on daclatasvir PK were modest and not considered clinically significant. With the exception of race on asunaprevir and beclabuvir PK, no other parameters for daclatasvir, asunaprevir and beclabuvir population PK models were meaningfully impacted during the refinement with Japanese subjects.
PMID: 30629858 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]