Higher plasma levels of CT-proAVP are linked to less anxiety in men but not women with cardiovascular risk factors: Results from the observational Diast-CHF study.

Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2018 Dec 20;101:272-277

Authors: Sadlonova M, Meyer T, Binder L, Wachter R, Edelmann F, Herrmann-Lingen C

Abstract
AIM: Using data from the multicenter, observational Diast-CHF (Diagnostic Trial on Prevalence and Clinical Course of Diastolic Dysfunction and Heart Failure) study, this post-hoc analysis aimed at assessing the association between serum concentrations of C-terminal pro-arginine vasopressin (CT-proAVP) and anxiety in patients with cardiovascular risk factors.
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have demonstrated that centrally released AVP is involved in the development of anxiety-like behaviors, however, it is unknown whether, also in humans, CT-proAVP used as a proxy for the co-secreted AVP is associated with self-reported anxiety.
METHODS: In 1463 study participants with cardiovascular risk factors (mean age 66.7 ± 8.1 years, 51.3% males, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 59.8 ± 8.3%), serum concentrations of CT-proAVP were measured by means of an ELISA assay, and anxiety was assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
RESULTS: Data showed that there was a significant and inverse correlation between HADS anxiety and CT-proAVP (rho = -0.074; p = 0.005). Serum CT-proAVP and the HADS anxiety differed between the two sexes: men displayed lower anxiety (4.7 ± 3.5 versus 5.5 ± 3.7) and had higher CT-proAVP levels (5.8 pmol/L, interquartile range 3.5-9.9 pmol/L versus 3.0 pmol/L, interquartile range 2.0-4.7) than women (both, p < 0.001). Using univariate ANOVA adjusted for age, body-mass index, estimated glomerular filtration rate, left ventricular ejection fraction, 6-minute walking distance, SF-36 physical functioning, and the natriuretic peptides NT-proBNP and MR-proANP, the interaction term sex*CT-proAVP was significantly associated with anxiety (p = 0.006). Further analysis showed that CT-proAVP was inversely related to anxiety only in men (B = -0.991; 95%CI = -1.650 to -0.331; p = 0.003), but not in women (p = 0.335).
CONCLUSION: In male study participants with cardiovascular risk factors, serum concentrations of CT-proAVP showed an inverse association with anxiety, which was independent from the severity of physical impairment.

PMID: 30594111 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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