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[Research on convolutional neural network and its application on medical image].

Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi. 2018 Jun 01;35(6):977-985

Authors: Liang M, Zhou T, Zhang F, Yang J, Xia Y

Abstract
Recent years, convolutional neural network (CNN) is a research hot spot in machine learning and has some application value in computer aided diagnosis. Firstly, this paper briefly introduces the basic principle of CNN. Secondly, it summarizes the improvement on network structure from two dimensions of model and structure optimization. In model structure, it summarizes eleven classical models about CNN in the past 60 years, and introduces its development process according to timeline. In structure optimization, the research progress is summarized from five aspects (input layer, convolution layer, down-sampling layer, full-connected layer and the whole network) of CNN. Thirdly, the learning algorithm is summarized from the optimization algorithm and fusion algorithm. In optimization algorithm, it combs the progress of the algorithm according to optimization purpose. In algorithm fusion, the improvement is summarized from five angles: input layer, convolution layer, down-sampling layer, full-connected layer and output layer. Finally, CNN is mapped into the medical image domain, and it is combined with computer aided diagnosis to explore its application in medical images. It is a good summary for CNN and has positive significance for the development of CNN.

PMID: 30583326 [PubMed]

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