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Population pharmacokinetic modeling of sustained release lithium in the serum, erythrocytes and urine of patients with bipolar disorder.

Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2018 Dec 15;:

Authors: Couffignal C, Bertrand J, Sportiche S, Jarroir M, El Balkhi S, Djebrani-Oussedik N, Poupon J, Declèves X, Mentré F, Bellivier F

Abstract
PURPOSE: Lithium (Li), the first-line treatment of bipolar disorder, was first developed as an immediate-release form with a routine therapeutic drug monitoring 12 h after the last dose. In Europe, the most commonly prescribed form is a sustained release (srLi). Yet no pharmacokinetics (PK) study has been published of srLi, administered once a day, in adults. The present study describes srLi PK in the serum and erythrocytes of bipolar patients.
METHODS: To assess srLi PK, we studied prospectively 17 French bipolar patients on a median dose of 1000 mg (600-1600) for at least 2 years. Serum (S), erythrocyte (E) concentrations, and urinary (U) amount were collected over 8 h after 15 days of morning intake using monitoring electronic medical system (MEMs). Population PK parameters were estimated using the SAEM algorithm (MONOLIX 4.3.3 software).
RESULTS: Using a population approach, we built a PK population model of srLi including one S compartment (VS = 23.0 L, ClS = 1.21 L h-1), one E compartment (VE = 64.7 L, ClSE = 3.63 L h-1, ClES = 9.46 L h-1), and one U compartment (F = 0.62) and estimate the ratio of concentrations to Li in E over S at 0.38 with 27% between-subject variability.
CONCLUSION: This is a PK model of srLi once a day in bipolar patients using a population approach simultaneously describing Li concentrations in serum, erythrocytes, and urine which provide an estimate of the ratio of concentration in erythrocyte over serum and its between-subject variability (BSV).

PMID: 30554270 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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