Outcomes of Patients Presenting with Mild Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Insights from the LUNG SAFE Study.

Anesthesiology. 2018 Nov 27;:

Authors: Pham T, Serpa Neto A, Pelosi P, Laffey JG, De Haro C, Lorente JA, Bellani G, Fan E, Brochard LJ, Pesenti A, Schultz MJ, Artigas A, Esteban A, Gattinoni L, van Haren F, Larsson A, McAuley DF, Ranieri M, Rubenfeld G, Thompson BT, Wrigge H, Slutsky AS, Rios F, Van Haren F, Sottiaux T, Depuydt P, Lora FS, Azevedo LC, Bugedo G, Qiu H, Gonzalez M, Silesky J, Cerny V, Nielsen J, Jibaja M, Wrigge H, Matamis D, Ranero JL, Amin P, Hashemian SM, Clarkson K, Kurahashi K, Villagomez A, Zeggwagh AA, Heunks LM, Laake JH, Palo JE, do Vale Fernandes A, Sandesc D, Arabi Y, Bumbasierevic V, Nin N, Larsson A, Piquilloud L, Abroug F, McAuley DF, McNamee L, Hurtado J, Bajwa E, Démpaire G, Sula H, Nunci L, Cani A, Zazu A, Dellera C, Insaurralde CS, Alejandro RV, Daldin J, Vinzio M, Fernandez RO, Cardonnet LP, Bettini LR, Bisso MC, Osman EM, Setten MG, Lovazzano P, Alvarez J, Villar V, Pozo NC, Grubissich N, Plotnikow GA, Vasquez DN, Ilutovich S, Tiribelli N, Chena A, Pellegrini CA, Saenz MG, Estenssoro E, Brizuela M, Gianinetto H, Gomez PE, Cerrato VI, Bezzi MG, Borello SA, Loiacono FA, Fernandez AM, Knowles S, Reynolds C, Inskip DM, Miller JJ, Kong J, Whitehead C, Bihari S, Seven A, Krstevski A, Rodgers HJ, Millar RT, Mckenna TE, Bailey IM, Hanlon GC, Aneman A, Lynch JM, Azad R, Neal J, Woods PW, Roberts BL, Kol MR, Wong HS, Riss KC, Staudinger T, Wittebole X, Berghe C, Bulpa PA, Dive AM, Verstraete R, Lebbinck H, Depuydt P, Vermassen J, Meersseman P, Ceunen H, Rosa JI, Beraldo DO, Piras C, Rampinelli AM, Nassar AP, Mataloun S, Moock M, Thompson MM, Gonçalves CH, Antônio ACP, Ascoli A, Biondi RS, Fontenele DC, Nobrega D, Sales VM, Bin Hj Abul Wahab AY, Ismail M, Shindhe S, Beloncle F, Davies KG, Cirone R, Manoharan V, Ismail M, Goligher EC, Jassal M, Nishikawa E, Javeed A, Curley G, Rittayamai N, Parotto M, Ferguson ND, Mehta S, Knoll J, Pronovost A, Canestrini S, Bruhn AR, Garcia PH, Aliaga FA, Farías PA, Yumha JS, Ortiz CA, Salas JE, Saez AA, Vega LD, Labarca EF, Martinez FT, Carreño NG, Lora P, Liu H, Qiu H, Liu L, Tang R, Luo X, An Y, Zhao H, Gao Y, Zhai Z, Ye ZL, Wang W, Li W, Li Q, Zheng R, Yu W, Shen J, Li X, Yu T, Lu W, Wu YQ, Huang XB, He Z, Lu Y, Han H, Zhang F, Sun R, Wang HX, Qin SH, Zhu BH, Zhao J, Liu J, Li B, Liu JL, Zhou FC, Li QJ, Zhang XY, Li-Xin Z, Xin-Hua Q, Jiang L, Gao YN, Zhao XY, Li YY, Li XL, Wang C, Yao Q, Yu R, Chen K, Shao H, Qin B, Huang QQ, Zhu WH, Hang AY, Hua MX, Li Y, Xu Y, Di YD, Ling LL, Qin TH, Wang SH, Qin J, Han Y, Zhou S, Vargas MP, Silesky Jimenez JI, González Rojas MA, Solis-Quesada JE, Ramirez-Alfaro CM, Máca J, Sklienka P, Gjedsted J, Christiansen A, Nielsen J, Villamagua BG, Llano M, Burtin P, Buzancais G, Beuret P, Pelletier N, Mortaza S, Mercat A, Chelly J, Jochmans S, Terzi N, Daubin C, Carteaux G, de Prost N, Chiche JD, Daviaud F, Fartoukh M, Barberet G, Biehler J, Dellamonica J, Doyen D, Arnal JM, Briquet A, Hraiech S, Papazian L, Follin A, Roux D, Messika J, Kalaitzis E, Dangers L, Combes A, Au SM, Béduneau G, Carpentier D, Zogheib EH, Dupont H, Ricome S, Santoli FL, Besset SL, Michel P, Gelée B, Danin PE, Goubaux B, Crova PJ, Phan NT, Berkelmans F, Badie JC, Tapponnier R, Gally J, Khebbeb S, Herbrecht JE, Schneider F, Declercq PM, Rigaud JP, Duranteau J, Harrois A, Chabanne R, Marin J, Bigot C, Thibault S, Ghazi M, Boukhazna M, Zein SO, Richecoeur JR, Combaux DM, Grelon F, Moal CL, Sauvadet EP, Robine A, Lemiale V, Reuter D, Dres M, Demoule A, Goldgran-Toledano D, Baboi L, Guérin C, Lohner R, Kraßler J, Schäfer S, Zacharowski KD, Meybohm P, Reske AW, Simon P, Hopf HF, Schuetz M, Baltus T, Papanikolaou MN, Papavasilopoulou TG, Zacharas GA, Ourailogloy V, Mouloudi EK, Massa EV, Nagy EO, Stamou EE, Kiourtzieva EV, Oikonomou MA, Avila LE, Cortez CA, Citalán JE, Jog SA, Sable SD, Shah B, Gurjar M, Baronia AK, Memon M, Muthuchellappan R, Ramesh VJ, Shenoy A, Unnikrishnan R, Dixit SB, Rhayakar RV, Ramakrishnan N, Bhardwaj VK, Mahto HL, Sagar SV, Palaniswamy V, Ganesan D, Hashemian SM, Jamaati H, Heidari F, Meaney EA, Nichol A, Knapman KM, O’Croinin D, Dunne ES, Breen DM, Clarkson KP, Jaafar RF, Dwyer R, Amir F, Ajetunmobi OO, O’Muircheartaigh AC, Black CS, Treanor N, Collins DV, Altaf W, Zani G, Fusari M, Spadaro S, Volta CA, Graziani R, Brunettini B, Palmese S, Formenti P, Umbrello M, Lombardo A, Pecci E, Botteri M, Savioli M, Protti A, Mattei A, Schiavoni L, Tinnirello A, Todeschini M, Giarratano A, Cortegiani A, Sher S, Rossi A, Antonelli MM, Montini LM, Casalena P, Scafetti S, Panarello G, Occhipinti G, Patroniti N, Pozzi M, Biscione RR, Poli MM, Raimondi F, Albiero D, Crapelli G, Beck E, Pota V, Schiavone V, Molin A, Tarantino F, Monti G, Frati E, Mirabella L, Cinnella G, Fossali T, Colombo R, Pattarino PTI, Mojoli F, Braschi A, Borotto EE, Cracchiolo AN, Palma DM, Raponi F, Foti G, Vascotto ER, Coppadoro A, Brazzi L, Floris L, Iotti GA, Venti A, Yamaguchi O, Takagi S, Maeyama HN, Watanabe E, Yamaji Y, Shimizu K, Shiozaki K, Futami S, Ryosuke S, Saito K, Kameyama Y, Ueno K, Izawa M, Okuda N, Suzuki H, Harasawa T, Nasu M, Takada T, Ito F, Nunomiya S, Koyama K, Abe T, Andoh K, Kusumoto K, Hirata A, Takaba A, Kimura H, Matsumoto S, Higashijima U, Honda H, Aoki N, Imai H, Ogino Y, Mizuguchi I, Ichikado K, Nitta K, Mochizuki K, Hashida T, Tanaka H, Nakamura T, Niimi D, Ueda T, Kashiwa Y, Uchiyama A, Sabelnikovs O, Oss P, Haddad Y, Liew KY, Ñamendys-Silva SA, Jarquin-Badiola YD, Sanchez-Hurtado LA, Gomez-Flores SS, Marin MC, Villagomez AJ, Lemus JS, Fierro JM, Cervantes MR, Mejia FJF, Dector D, Rojas A, Gonzalez DR, Estrella CR, Sanchez-Medina JR, Ramirez-Gutierrez A, George FG, Aguirre JS, Buensuseso JA, Poblano M, Dendane T, Zeggwagh AA, Balkhi H, Elkhayari M, Samkaoui N, Ezzouine H, Benslama A, Amor M, Maazouzi W, Cimic N, Beck O, Bruns MM, Schouten JA, Rinia M, Raaijmakers M, Heunks LM, Van Wezel HM, Heines SJ, Strauch U, Buise MP, Simonis FD, Goodson JC, Browne TS, Navarra L, Hunt A, Hutchison RA, Bailey MB, Newby L, McArthur C, Kalkoff M, Mcleod A, Casement J, Hacking DJ, Andersen FH, Dolva MS, Laake JH, Barratt-Due A, Noremark KAL, Søreide E, Sjøbø BÅ, Guttormsen AB, Leon Yoshido HH, Aguilar RZ, Montes Oscanoa FA, Alisasis AU, Robles JB, Pasanting-Lim RAB, Tan BC, Andruszkiewicz P, Jakubowska K, Coxo CM, Alvarez AM, Oliveira BS, Montanha GM, Barros NC, Pereira CS, Messias AM, Monteiro JM, Araujo AM, Catorze NT, Marum SM, Bouw MJ, Gomes RM, Brito VA, Castro S, Estilita JM, Barros FM, Serra IM, Martinho AM, Tomescu DR, Marcu A, Bedreag OH, Papurica M, Corneci DE, Negoita SI, Grigoriev E, Gritsan AI, Gazenkampf AA, Almekhlafi G, Albarrak MM, Mustafa GM, Maghrabi KA, Salahuddin N, Aisa TM, Al Jabbary AS, Tabhan E, Arabi YM, Arabi YM, Trinidad OA, Al Dorzi HM, Tabhan EE, Bolon S, Smith O, Mancebo J, Aguirre-Bermeo H, Lopez-Delgado JC, Esteve F, Rialp G, Forteza C, Albaiceta GM, De Cima-Iglesias S, Seoane-Quiroga L, Ceniceros-Barros A, Ruiz-Aguilar AL, Claraco-Vega LM, Soler JA, Del Carmen Lorente M, Hermosa C, Gordo F, Prieto-González M, López-Messa JB, Perez MP, Perez CP, Montoiro Allue R, Roche-Campo F, Ibañez-Santacruz M, Temprano S, Pintado MC, De Pablo R, Aroa Gómez PR, Ruiz SR, Moles SI, Arizmendi A, Piacentini EA, Franco N, Honrubia T, Cheng MP, Losada EP, Blanco J, Yuste LJ, Carbayo-Gorriz C, Cazorla-Barranquero FG, Alonso JG, Alda RS, Algaba Á, Navarro G, Cereijo E, Diaz-Rodriguez E, Pastor Marcos D, Montero LA, Para LH, Sanchez RJ, Blasco Navalpotro MA, Abad RD, González RM, Toribio DP, Castro AG, Artiga MJD, Penuelas O, Roser TP, Olga MF, Curto EG, Sánchez RM, Imma VP, Elisabet GM, Claverias L, Magret M, Pellicer AM, Rodriguez LL, Sánchez-Ballesteros J, González-Salamanca Á, Jimenez AG, Huerta FP, Sotillo Diaz JCJ, Lopez EB, Llinares Moya DD, Tallet Alfonso AA, Eugenio Luis PS, Cesar PS, Rafael SI, Virgilio CG, Recio NN, Adamsson RO, Rylander CC, Holzgraefe B, Broman LM, Wessbergh J, Persson L, Schiöler F, Kedelv H, Tibblin AO, Appelberg H, Hedlund L, Helleberg J, Eriksson KE, Glietsch R, Larsson N, Nygren I, Nunes SL, Morin AK, Kander T, Adolfsson A, Piquilloud L, Zender HO, Leemann-Refondini C, Elatrous S, Bouchoucha S, Chouchene I, Ouanes I, Souissi AB, Kamoun S, Demirkiran O, Aker M, Erbabacan E, Ceylan I, Girgin NK, Ozcelik M, Ünal N, Meco BC, Akyol OO, Derman SS, Kennedy B, Parhar K, Srinivasa L, McNamee L, McAuley D, Hopkins P, Mellis C, Kakar V, Hadfield D, Vercueil A, Bhowmick K, Humphreys SK, Ferguson A, Mckee R, Raj AS, Fawkes DA, Watt P, Twohey L, Jha RR, Thomas M, Morton A, Kadaba V, Smith MJ, Hormis AP, Kannan SG, Namih M, Reschreiter H, Camsooksai J, Kumar A, Rugonfalvi S, Nutt C, Oneill O, Seasman C, Dempsey G, Scott CJ, Ellis HE, Mckechnie S, Hutton PJ, Di Tomasso NN, Vitale MN, Griffin RO, Dean MN, Cranshaw JH, Willett EL, Ioannou N, Gillis S, Csabi P, Macfadyen R, Dawson H, Preez PD, Williams AJ, Boyd O, Ortiz-Ruiz de Gordoa L, Bramall J, Symmonds S, Chau SK, Wenham T, Szakmany T, Toth-Tarsoly P, Mccalman KH, Alexander P, Stephenson L, Collyer T, Chapman R, Cooper R, Allan RM, Sim M, Wrathall DW, Irvine DA, Zantua KS, Adams JC, Burtenshaw AJ, Sellors GP, Welters ID, Williams KE, Hessell RJ, Oldroyd MG, Battle CE, Pillai S, Kajtor I, Sivashanmugavel M, Okane SC, Donnelly A, Frigyik AD, Careless JP, May MM, Stewart R, Trinder TJ, Hagan SJ, Cole JM, MacFie CC, Dowling AT, Hurtado J, Nin N, Hurtado J, Nuñez E, Pittini G, Rodriguez R, Imperio MC, Santos C, França AG, Ebeid A, Deicas A, Serra C, Uppalapati A, Kamel G, Banner-Goodspeed VM, Beitler JR, Mukkera SR, Kulkarni S, Lee J, Mesar T, Shinn JO, Gomaa D, Tainter C, Lee J, Mesar T, Lee J, Yeatts DJ, Lanspa MJ, Miller RR, Grissom CK, Brown SM, Bauer PR, Gosselin RJ, Kitch BT, Cohen JE, Beegle SH, Choudry S, Gueret RM, Tulaimat A, Stigler W, Batra H, Huff NG, Lamb KD, Oetting TW, Mohr NM, Judy C, Saito S, Kheir FM, Kheir F, Schlichting AB, Delsing A, Crouch DR, Elmasri M, Crouch DR, Ismail D, Dreyer KR, Blakeman TC, Gomaa D, Baron RM, Grijalba CQ, Hou PC, Seethala R, Aisiku I, Henderson G, Frendl G, Hou SK, Owens RL, Schomer A, Bumbasirevic V, Jovanovic B, Surbatovic M, Veljovic M, LUNG SAFE Investigators and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine Trials Group

Abstract
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Patients with initial mild acute respiratory distress syndrome are often underrecognized and mistakenly considered to have low disease severity and favorable outcomes. They represent a relatively poorly characterized population that was only classified as having acute respiratory distress syndrome in the most recent definition. Our primary objective was to describe the natural course and the factors associated with worsening and mortality in this population.
METHODS: This study analyzed patients from the international prospective Large Observational Study to Understand the Global Impact of Severe Acute Respiratory Failure (LUNG SAFE) who had initial mild acute respiratory distress syndrome in the first day of inclusion. This study defined three groups based on the evolution of severity in the first week: “worsening” if moderate or severe acute respiratory distress syndrome criteria were met, “persisting” if mild acute respiratory distress syndrome criteria were the most severe category, and “improving” if patients did not fulfill acute respiratory distress syndrome criteria any more from day 2.
RESULTS: Among 580 patients with initial mild acute respiratory distress syndrome, 18% (103 of 580) continuously improved, 36% (210 of 580) had persisting mild acute respiratory distress syndrome, and 46% (267 of 580) worsened in the first week after acute respiratory distress syndrome onset. Global in-hospital mortality was 30% (172 of 576; specifically 10% [10 of 101], 30% [63 of 210], and 37% [99 of 265] for patients with improving, persisting, and worsening acute respiratory distress syndrome, respectively), and the median (interquartile range) duration of mechanical ventilation was 7 (4, 14) days (specifically 3 [2, 5], 7 [4, 14], and 11 [6, 18] days for patients with improving, persisting, and worsening acute respiratory distress syndrome, respectively). Admissions for trauma or pneumonia, higher nonpulmonary sequential organ failure assessment score, lower partial pressure of alveolar oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen, and higher peak inspiratory pressure were independently associated with worsening.
CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with initial mild acute respiratory distress syndrome continue to fulfill acute respiratory distress syndrome criteria in the first week, and nearly half worsen in severity. Their mortality is high, particularly in patients with worsening acute respiratory distress syndrome, emphasizing the need for close attention to this patient population.

PMID: 30499850 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source link