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Usefulness of diluted contrast medium for test-scanning of infants scheduled for contrast-enhanced cardiovascular computed tomography angiography.

Br J Radiol. 2018 Nov 09;:20180572

Authors: Masuda T, Funama Y, Nakaura T, Sato T, Tahara M, Matsumoto Y, Imada N, Miyazaki O, Awai K

OBJECTIVES:: To compare the ability of test scans with undiluted and diluted contrast medium (CM) to predict contrast enhancement (CE) on cardiovascular computed tomography angiography (CCTA) images of infants.
METHODS:: We divided 120 consecutive infants who had undergone CCTA on a 64-MDCT scanner into two equal groups. In one group the test bolus consisted of undiluted CM [protocol 1 (P1): injection volume = total  body weight (TBW) × 1.2  ml, injection time 5  sec], in the other (P2) it was TBW × 4.0  ml (CM 15%, saline 85%, injection time 16  sec). CE on the test scans was recorded on a 3-point visual scale. We investigated the relation for CE in the pulmonary artery and ascending aorta between the P1 or P2 test scans and CCTA images.
RESULTS:: While peak CE was observed on all test scans performed with P2, in approximately 10 % of test scans obtained under P1, peak CE was not visualized. There was a strong positive linear correlation for CE of the pulmonary artery and ascending aorta on P2 images (r = 0.61  and r = 0.63, p < 0.01); under P1 the correlation was weak (r = 0.26  and r = 0.33, p < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS:: Test-scanning with diluted CM revealed the optimal CE peak time and was useful for predicting CE on CCTA scans of the pulmonary artery and ascending aorta in infants with congenital heart disease.
ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE:: Diluted test scans help to select the optimal scan parameters for the CCTA study of infants by using CNR-based scanning.

PMID: 30412445 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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