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Factors of hospitalization expenditure of the genitourinary system diseases in the aged based on “System of Health Account 2011” and neural network model.

J Glob Health. 2018 Dec;8(2):020504

Authors: He J, Yin Z, Duan W, Wang Y, Wang X

Abstract
Background: Hospitalization expenditure of genitourinary system diseases among the aged is often overlooked. The aim of our research is to analyze the basic situation and influencing factors of hospitalization expenditure of the genitourinary system diseases and provide better data for the health system.
Methods: A total of 1 377 681 patients aged 65 years and over were collected with multistage stratified cluster random sampling in 252 medical institutions in Liaoning China, and “System of Health Account 2011” (SHA2011) was conducted to analyze the expenditure of the diseases. The corresponding samples were extracted, the neural network model was utilized to fit the regression model of the diseases among the aged, and sensitivity analysis was used to rank the influencing factors.
Results: Total hospitalization expenditure in Liaoning was 51.286 billion yuan, and curative care expenditure of diseases of the genitourinary system was 3.350 billion yuan, accounting for 6.53%. In the neural network model, the training set of R2 was 0.71. The test set of R2 was 0.74. In the sensitivity analysis, top-three influencing factors were the length of stay, type of institutions and type of insurances; the weight was 0.28, 0.19 and 0.14, respectively.
Conclusions: This research used SHA2011 to grab a large amount of data and analyzed them depending upon the corresponding dimensions. The neural network can analyze the influencing factors of hospitalization expenditure of genitourinary diseases in elderly patients accurately and directly, and can clearly describe the extent of its impact by combining sensitivity analysis.

PMID: 30356462 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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