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Oral microbiota dysbiosis and its association with Henoch-Schönlein Purpura in children.

Int Immunopharmacol. 2018 Oct 17;65:295-302

Authors: Chen B, Wang J, Wang Y, Zhang J, Zhao C, Shen N, Yang J, Gai Z, Zhang L

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of microbes in allergic diseases has been demonstrated and our previous research indicates that microbiota causing gut disorders in children is associated with Henoch-Schönlein Purpura. However, the role of oral microbiota in Henoch-Schönlein Purpura remains unknown.
METHOD: A total of 164 children were enrolled, of which 98 were patients with HSP and 66 were healthy children. Oral swab samples were collected for DNA extraction and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, then analyzed for oral microbiota composition.
RESULTS: Oral microbiota differed between healthy children and those with HSP. Children with HSP exhibited higher oral microbial diversity and richness than the controls. Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes are the dominant phyla in children with HSP. We used linear discriminant analysis (LDA) effect size (LEfSe) algorithm and detected 21 bacterial taxonomic clades showing statistical differences (12 increased and 9 decreased) in children with HSP. The correlation analyses between clinical data and abundance in microbial community indicated that an abundance of Butyrivibrio sp. negatively correlated with the length of hospital stay (LOS). Haemophilus sp. negatively correlated to IgE and IgM but positively correlated to LOS, with decreasing significantly in patients with HSP. Prevotella positively correlated with IgM. Prevotella nanceiensis positively correlated with IgA, and were abundant in children with HSP.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that children with HSP have significantly different oral microbiota compared to healthy children. Although this study does not imply causality, it is helpful to identify the types and pathways of bacteria that can be used to prevent or treat HSP.

PMID: 30342346 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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