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Transcriptome analysis of the threatened snail Ellobium chinense reveals candidate genes for adaptation and identifies SSRs for conservation genetics.

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Transcriptome analysis of the threatened snail Ellobium chinense reveals candidate genes for adaptation and identifies SSRs for conservation genetics.

Genes Genomics. 2018 04;40(4):333-347

Authors: Kang SW, Patnaik BB, Park SY, Hwang HJ, Chung JM, Sang MK, Min HR, Park JE, Seong J, Jo YH, Noh MY, Lee JD, Jung KY, Park HS, Han YS, Lee JS, Lee YS

Abstract
Ellobium chinense (Pfeiffer, 1854) is a brackish pulmonate species that inhabits the bases of mangrove trees and is most commonly found in salt grass meadows. Threats to mangrove ecosystems due to habitat degradation and overexploitation have threatened the species with extinction. In South Korea, E. chinense has been assessed as vulnerable, but there are limited data on its population structure and distribution. The nucleotide and protein sequences for this species are not available in databases, which limits the understanding of adaptation-related traits. We sequenced an E. chinense cDNA library using the Illumina platform, and the subsequent bioinformatics analysis yielded 227,032 unigenes. Of these unigenes, 69,088 were annotated to matched protein and nucleotide sequences in databases, for an annotation rate of 30.42%. Among the predominant gene ontology terms, cellular and metabolic processes (under the biological process category), membrane and cell (under the cellular component category), and binding and catalytic activity (under the molecular function category) were noteworthy. In addition, 4850 unigenes were distributed to 15 Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes based enrichment categories. Among the candidate genes related to adaptation, angiotensin I converting enzyme, adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide, and AMP-activated protein kinase were the most prominent. A total of 15,952 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified in sequences of > 1 kb in length. The di- and trinucleotide repeat motifs were the most common. Among the repeat motif types, AG/CT, AC/GT, and AAC/GTT dominated. Our study provides the first comprehensive genomics dataset for E. chinense, which favors conservation programs for the restoration of the species and provides sufficient evidence for genetic variability among the wild populations.

PMID: 29892840 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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