MiR-665 aggravates heart failure via suppressing CD34-mediated coronary microvessel angiogenesis.
Aging (Albany NY). 2018 Sep 21;:
Authors: Fan J, Li H, Nie X, Yin Z, Zhao Y, Zhang X, Yuan S, Li Y, Chen C, Wang DW
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a major public health problem worldwide. The development of HF was related to coronary microvessel dysfunction. Whether miRNAs participate in HF by regulating coronary microvessel function remain unclear.
METHODS: The potential targets of miR-665 were predicted by rnahybrid software, then verified through anti-Ago2 co-immunoprecipitation, Western blotting and luciferase reporter assays. rAAV9 system was used to manipulate the expression of miR-665 in vivo.
RESULTS: Significant increase of miR-665 was observed in endothelial cells of human heart with heart failure. In vitro over-expression of miR-665 in endothelial cells resulted in decreased proliferation but enhanced apoptosis. rAAV-mediated delivery of miR-665 reduced coronary microvessel angiogenesis and cardiac microvessel density, then further impaired cardiac function in vivo. Furthermore, CD34 was confirmed as one of the miR-665 targets. Consistently, re-expression of CD34 attenuated miR-665-mediated damage effects in vitro and in vivo. We also found that Sp1 regulated miR-665 expression in endothelial cells.
CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that miR-665 played an important role in heart failure via damaging coronary microvessel angiogenesis, and suggested that miRNA-based therapeutics may protect against coronary microvessel dysfunction and heart failure.
PMID: 30243022 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]