AI/ML

Environmental suitability for lymphatic filariasis in Nigeria.

Icon for BioMed Central Related Articles

Environmental suitability for lymphatic filariasis in Nigeria.

Parasit Vectors. 2018 Sep 17;11(1):513

Authors: Eneanya OA, Cano J, Dorigatti I, Anagbogu I, Okoronkwo C, Garske T, Donnelly CA

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a mosquito-borne parasitic disease and a major cause of disability worldwide. It is one of the neglected tropical diseases identified by the World Health Organization for elimination as a public health problem by 2020. Maps displaying disease distribution are helpful tools to identify high-risk areas and target scarce control resources.
METHODS: We used pre-intervention site-level occurrence data from 1192 survey sites collected during extensive mapping surveys by the Nigeria Ministry of Health. Using an ensemble of machine learning modelling algorithms (generalised boosted models and random forest), we mapped the ecological niche of LF at a spatial resolution of 1 km2. By overlaying gridded estimates of population density, we estimated the human population living in LF risk areas on a 100 × 100 m scale.
RESULTS: Our maps demonstrate that there is a heterogeneous distribution of LF risk areas across Nigeria, with large portions of northern Nigeria having more environmentally suitable conditions for the occurrence of LF. Here we estimated that approximately 110 million individuals live in areas at risk of LF transmission.
CONCLUSIONS: Machine learning and ensemble modelling are powerful tools to map disease risk and are known to yield more accurate predictive models with less uncertainty than single models. The resulting map provides a geographical framework to target control efforts and assess its potential impacts.

PMID: 30223860 [PubMed – in process]

Source link

Related posts

UPDATE: Atrium To ‘Expand Professional Services Beyond Legal’, Says Marketing Note

Newsemia

Breaking news: Amazon Polly’s Newscaster voice and more authentic speech, launching today

Newsemia

S-Patch Cardio brings ECG monitoring outside the hospital

Newsemia

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy

COVID-19

COVID-19 (Coronavirus) is a new illness that is having a major effect on all businesses globally LIVE COVID-19 STATISTICS FOR World