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Mutational and copy number asset of primary sporadic neuroendocrine tumors of the small intestine.

Virchows Arch. 2018 Sep 16;:

Authors: Simbolo M, Vicentini C, Mafficini A, Fassan M, Pedron S, Corbo V, Mastracci L, Rusev B, Pedrazzani C, Landoni L, Grillo F, Cingarlini S, Rindi G, Luchini C, Scarpa A, Lawlor RT

Abstract
Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) represent the most common histotype among small intestine neoplasms, and metastatic disease is usually present at diagnosis. A retrospective series of 52 sporadic primary surgically resected SI-NETs, which were metastatic at diagnosis, was analyzed by high-coverage target sequencing (HCTS) for the mutational status of 57 genes and copy number status of 40 genes selected from recently published genome sequencing data. Seven genes were found to be recurrently mutated: CDKN1B (9.6%), APC and CDKN2C (each 7.7%), BRAF, KRAS, PIK3CA, and TP53 (each 3.8%). Copy number analysis showed frequent allelic loss of 4 genes located on chromosome 18 (BCL2, CDH19, DCC, and SMAD4) in 23/52 (44.2%) and losses on chromosomes 11 (38%) and 16 (15%). Other recurrent copy number variations were gains for genes located on chromosomes 4 (31%), 5 (27%), 14 (36%), and 20 (20%). Univariate survival analysis showed that SRC gene copy number gains were associated with a poorer prognosis (p = 0.047). Recurrent copy number variations are important events in SI-NET and SRC may represent a novel prognostic biomarker for this tumor type.

PMID: 30219970 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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