Neurology

TIMP-1 Promotes Oligodendrocyte Differentiation Through Receptor-Mediated Signaling.

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TIMP-1 Promotes Oligodendrocyte Differentiation Through Receptor-Mediated Signaling.

Mol Neurobiol. 2018 Aug 18;:

Authors: Nicaise AM, Johnson KM, Willis CM, Guzzo RM, Crocker SJ

Abstract
The extracellular protein tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 is both a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor and a trophic factor. Mice lacking TIMP-1 exhibit delayed central nervous system myelination during postnatal development and impaired remyelination following immune-mediated injury in adulthood. We have previously determined that the trophic action of TIMP-1 on oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) to mature into oligodendrocytes is independent of its MMP inhibitory function. However, the mechanism by which TIMP-1 promotes OPC differentiation is not known. To address this gap in our understanding, herein, we report that TIMP-1 signals via a CD63/β1-integrin receptor complex to activate Akt (protein kinase B) to promote β-catenin signaling in OPCs. The regulation of β-catenin by TIMP-1 to promote OPC differentiation was counteracted, but not abrogated, by canonical signaling evoked by Wnt7a. These data provide a previously uncharacterized trophic action of TIMP-1 to regulate oligodendrocyte maturation via a CD63/β1-integrin/Akt pathway mechanism. These findings contribute to our emerging understanding on the role of TIMP-1 as a growth factor expressed to promote CNS myelination during development and induced in the adult to promote myelin repair.

PMID: 30121936 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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