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CD38 Deficiency Protects Heart from High Fat Diet-Induced Oxidative Stress Via Activating Sirt3/FOXO3 Pathway.

Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018 Aug 16;48(6):2350-2363

Authors: Wang LF, Huang CC, Xiao YF, Guan XH, Wang XN, Cao Q, Liu Y, Huang X, Deng LB, Deng KY, Xin HB

Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies showed that CD38 deficiency protected heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury and high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity in mice. However, the role of CD38 in HFD-induced heart injury remains unclear. In the present study, we have investigated the effects and mechanisms of CD38 deficiency on HFD-induced heart injury.
METHODS: The metabolites in heart from wild type (WT) and CD38 knockout (CD38-/-) mice were examined using metabolomics analysis. Cell viability, lactate hydrogenase (LDH) release, super oxide dismutase (SOD) activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, triglyceride concentration and gene expression were examined by biochemical analysis and QPCR.
RESULTS: Our results revealed that CD38 deficiency significantly elevated the intracellular glutathione (GSH) concentration and GSH/GSSG ratio, decreased the contents of free fatty acids and increased intracellular NAD+ level in heart from CD38-/- mice fed with HFD. In addition, in vitro knockdown of CD38 significantly attenuated OA-induced cellular injury, ROS production and lipid synthesis. Furthermore, the expression of mitochondrial deacetylase Sirt3 as well as its target genes FOXO3 and SOD2 were markedly upregulated in the H9C2 cell lines after OA stimulation. In contrast, the expressions of NOX2 and NOX4 were significantly decreased in the cells after OA stimulation.
CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that CD38 deficiency protected heart from HFD-induced oxidative stress via activating Sirt3/FOXO3-mediated anti-oxidative stress pathway.

PMID: 30114710 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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