Oxytocin analysis from human serum, urine, and saliva by orbitrap LCMS.
Drug Test Anal. 2018 Aug 09;:
Authors: Franke AA, Li X, Menden A, Lee MR, Lai JF
Oxytocin (OT) is a neurohormone that has gained interest recently due to its emerging role in cognition and social/emotional behaviors including possibly depression and autism. OT is commonly measured using enzyme- or radio-based immunoassays (RIA, ELISA), which lack specificity or are complicated to perform and involve hazardous radioactive material. We developed a high resolution accurate-mass (HRAM) liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LCMS) method that separates interferences and selectively and accurately quantitates native OT from human serum, urine, and saliva after solid phase extraction. The doubly protonated OT ion m/z 562.25503 was selected for quantitation due its high signal intensity. With our method LLOD of 5-25 pg/mL, we measured native OT in serum from pregnant women (16-24 pg/mL) and rats (350 pg/mL), and in serum, urine, and saliva from a healthy male after intranasal (IN) OT application of 100 IU and 20 IU and from a healthy post-menopausal female after IN OT application of 100 IU. Peak levels were detected in serum, urine, and saliva 15-30 minutes after each dose then decreased to below detection limits 1-2 hours thereafter. We were unable to detect native OT in serum from non-pregnant/non-lactating/non-medicated women due to levels known to occur below 5 pg/mL. The fast elimination of OT we found is in excellent agreement with other studies OT’s pharmacokinetics. The effects on the central nervous system occurring after IN OT administration remains to be determined.
PMID: 30091853 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]