The enzyme stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD or SCD1) produces mono-unsaturated fatty acids by introducing double bonds into saturated bonds between carbons 9 and 10, with oleic acid as the main product. SCD1 is present in the intestinal epithelium and fatty acids regulate cell proliferation, so we investigated the effects of SCD1-induced production of oleic acid in enterocytes in mice.

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